YP - Plan 01 (Yield Protection)

YP provides protection against a loss in yield due to unavoidable, naturally occurring events. For most crops, that includes:

  • Adverse weather
  • Fire
  • Insects
  • Plant disease
  • Wildlife
  • Earthquake
  • Volcanic eruption
  • Irrigation water supply failure (due to natural event)

Like the APH (Actual Production History) plan of insurance, YP guarantees a production yield based on the individual producer’s APH. Unlike the APH plan of insurance, a price for YP is established according to the crop's applicable commodity board of trade/exchange as defined in the Commodity Exchange Price Provisions (CEPP). The projected price is used to determine the yield protection guarantee, premium, any replant payment or prevented planting payment, and to value the production to count. The coverage and exclusions of YP are similar to those for the APH plan of insurance. An indemnity is due when the value of the production to count is less than the yield protection guarantee. The main crops covered under this plan include:

  • Barley (includes malting type)
  • Canola/rapeseed
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Grain sorghum
  • Rice
  • Soybeans
  • Sunflowers
  • Wheat
RP - Plan 02 (Revenue Protection)

Revenue protection provides protection against a loss of revenue caused by price increase or decrease, low yields or a combination of both (for corn silage and rapeseed, protection is only provided for production losses). This coverage guarantees an amount based on the individual producers APH and the greater of the projected price or harvest price. Both the projected price and harvest price are established according to the crop's applicable commodity board of trade/exchange as defined in the Commodity Exchange Price Provisions (CEPP). While the revenue protection guarantee may increase, the premium will not. The projected price is used to calculate the premium and replant payment or prevented planting payment. An indemnity is due when the calculated revenue (production to count x harvest price) is less than the revenue protection guarantee for the crop acreage. Crops covered under this plan include:

  • Barley (includes malting type)
  • Canola/rapeseed
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Grain sorghum
  • Rice
  • Soybeans
  • Sunflowers
  • Wheat
RP HPE - Plan 03 (RP with the Harvest Price Exclusion)

RP HPE is similar to RP, however RP HPE coverage provides protection against loss of revenue caused by a price decrease, low yields, or a combination of both. Unlike RP, the revenue protection guarantee for RP HPE is based on the projected price only and it does not increase based on a harvest price. Crops covered under this plan include:

  • Barley (includes malting type)
  • Canola/rapeseed
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Grain sorghum
  • Rice
  • Soybeans
  • Sunflowers
  • Wheat
AYP - Plan 04 (Area Yield Protection)

AYP coverage is based on the experience of the county rather than individual farms. Maintaining the insured's actual production history is now mandatory and may be used by the RMA as a data source to establish and maintain the area programs. AYP indemnifies the insured in the event the final county yield falls below the insured's trigger yield. The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation [FCIC] will issue the final county yield in the calendar year following the crop year insured. Since this plan is based on county yields and not individual yields. the insured may have a low yield on their farm and not receive payment under AYP.

ARP - Plan 05 (Area Revenue Protection)

Like the other area plans, ARP is based on the experience of the county rather than individual farms. Coverage is provided against loss of revenue due to a county level production loss, a price decline, or a combination of both. Upside harvest price protection is included which increases the policy protection at the end of the insurance period if the harvest price is greater than the projected price and if there is a production loss. ARP will pay a loss when the final county revenue is less than the trigger revenue which is calculated using the higher of the projected price or harvest price.

ARP-HPE - Plan 06 (ARP with Harvest Price Exclusion)

Like AYP, ARP-HPE is based on the experience of the county rather than individual farms. Maintaining the insured's actual production history is now mandatory and maybe used by HMA as a data source to establish and maintain the area programs. An ARP- HPE policy provides protection against loss of revenue due to a county level production loss, price decline, or a combination of both. This plan only uses the projected price and does not provide upside harvest price protection. An indemnity is due under ARP—HPE when the final county revenues published by FCIC are less than the trigger revenue. Since this plan is based on county revenue and not individual revenue, the insured may have a loss in revenue on their farm and not receive payment under ARP-HPE.

APH - Plan 90 (Actual Production History)

APH is the oldest product listed on this comparison. The APH plan of insurance provides protection against a loss in yield due to nearly all natural disasters. For most crops, that includes:

  • Drought
  • Excess moisture
  • Cold and frost
  • Wind
  • Flood
  • Unavoidable insect damage and disease

Like YP, the APH plan of insurance guarantees a yield based on the individual producer's actual production history. Unlike YP, the available price elections are established by the Risk Management Agency. An indemnity is due when the value of the production to count is less than the liability. 0f the small grain crops, only oats, rye, flax, and buckwheat remain covered under the APH plan of insurance for the 2015 crop year.

ARPI (Area Risk Protection Insurance)

ARPI is one basic provision with three plans of insurance: ARP, ARP-HPE, and AYP. ARPI is an area based coverage that protects against widespread loss of revenue, yield, or a combination of both in a county. It is a policy that protects against natural causes of loss that cause the final county yield or revenue to be less than the trigger yield/revenue. ARPI replaces the Group Risk Plan (GRP), Group Risk Income Protection (GRIP), and GRIP-Harvest Revenue Option (GRIP-HRO). The GRP and GRIP plans of insurance will no longer be available.

Note:
  • Individual farm revenue and yields are NOT considered when calculating losses under ARPI.
  • It is possible that an individual farm may experience reduced revenue or yield and NOT receive an indemnity under ARPI.

Downloads